It is a term that has yet to be widely understood. It is more than just a farming method that uses compost and crop rotation and avoids synthetic herbicides and hormones. Organic farming entails much more. It is a highly organized procedure that adheres to stringent manufacturing requirements. Typically the Interesting Info about biochar ammendante agricolo.
First and foremost, Organic Farming is overseen by The International Federation of Organic Agricultural Movement (IFOAM), an international organization founded in 1972. According to their website, “organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms ranging from the smallest in the soil to human beings.”
As a result, we are discussing Eco-Agriculture, and the crucial term here is health. Organic farming does not allow genetically engineered goods, battery-raised animals, animal feed additives, or anything artificial in agricultural operations.
According to IFOAM, there are four main principles of organic farming:
Organic agriculture is founded on the following principles:
The health principle
The ecological principle
The principle of equity
The care principle
The Health Principle
It leaps to reason that growing food and raising animals on healthy soil will produce healthy crops and animals. As a result, we eat healthy foods and, as a result, have a healthy physique. The sequential chain of reactions depends entirely on where it begins: the soil.
People are concerned about food safety, mainly because there is a substantial worry that current Agri-Farming practices that are not organic have produced food allergies, asthma, and heart disease through the artificial additives and chemical fertilizers that we consume. Worse, certain conditions are directly connected to unethical farming methods disregarding common sense. For example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy appears to have been produced by feeding herbivorous cows the remains of other cattle and bone meal to raise the weight and speed up slaughter.
The Ecology Principle
We need to return to how nature intended, which is what Organic Farming is about. It is to grow crops and raise animals on land treated with compost and well-rotted mulches because this is the most critical stage in organic farming. The goal is to incorporate as much humus as possible into the soil, which includes manure, compost, seaweed, leaf mold, rotten hay, and anything of vegetable or animal origin, including blood and bone, that can be used to make a compost heap. The word of the day is recycling. The adage “waste not, want not” has never been more accurate than growing organically.
Never burn any leftover crops or timber on your land. This is a complete waste of potential compost and contributes to pollution. Why waste it when you can use it, and it won’t cost you anything? Why are vine cuttings and orchard prunings being burned? Invest in a chipper to reduce the bulk, and then add the chips to your compost heap.
What happens when your soil is healthy? It is teeming with microorganisms and those lovely earthworms that warm the hearts of those who care. You know you’re on the right track when you see earthworms in your soil.
Remember to give your soil a rest and implement crop rotation efficiently. Plant a cover crop, such as ryegrass, as a temporary planting in the fall when you have a field at rest. This protects the soil from wind and water damage and increases organic matter. Green manure crops, such as legumes, can also be grown for soil enhancement and are frequently left in place for six months to a year. Legumes are particularly effective because they “fix” atmospheric nitrogen in the soil.
In England, farmers are replanting hedgerows as they recognize their importance. Unfortunately, many animals and insects use these hedges as part of their ecosystem; therefore, when the hedgerows were destroyed, these little animals and insects lost their natural homes, resulting in an imbalance in the ecology and an influx of unwanted insects. They are also great wind blockers that keep soil in place, preventing erosion.
The Fairness Principle
Organic farming adheres to the principle of fairness, believing that the land, its people, and its animals should be valued and treated with care and justice. We are the custodians of this land, and that responsibility should be taken seriously. Therefore, we must take care not to injure or damage the environment. Our goal should be to do everything in our power to provide nutritious food for everyone and that nothing we do when working the land hurts the soil and water we utilize, the animals we raise, or the people who consume the ultimate product.
With the adoption of factory farming, animal raising has always been a contentious issue. Factory farming is brutal because animals are kept in restricted and overcrowded spaces in bad conditions, maiming each other for freedom and life. Animals must be raised humanely and provided adequate living space. It recognizes that there must be a connection between the animal and the land and that their welfare and veterinary care are critical.
The Care Principle
Although it is the last point on this list, it is the most significant. Because if we didn’t care about the environment, our current condition, and the need to supply healthy food for a healthy lifestyle, we wouldn’t do any of the above.
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